Interplanting, the idea of pairing two items or more together that each help each other. Wouldn’t it be fantastic if they world worked like this.
I’m happy to report that in the vegetable world this is very attainable and if done right can be the most effective pest control. No chemicals or input just pure growing.
So what are the benefits?
A lot really. If you strive for complete organic growing the main objective is to NEVER use any form of fungicide or pesticide. There is ALWAYS an organic alternative. And hey, it can look beautiful too.
Despite vegetables weaknesses and vulnerability to attack from pests, each has their own special scent or ability that can directly help a plant in a different family. Call them superpowers if you will.
So how does this work?
Easy. By planting set vegetables around each other, you are creating a confusion of scent that each predator uses to identify their victim. The result, they cannot find them therefore evading an attack. There are also a huge amount of combinations, which is good news at it means there is always usually a combination that can help you. But as always there are also plants which don’t get along, so there are a few rules to follow.
Perfect, what do I do?
Below is a general chart of the most common plants, their good neighbours and their neighbours from hell.
As a general rule this will give you the best results, so why not give them a go?
|Vegetable||Awesome Neighbours||Neighbours from hell|
|Beans||Brassicas, Carrot, Cucumber, Peas, Potatoes||Alliums (chives, garlic, leeks, onions), Peppers, Tomatoes For Broad Beans: Fennel|
|Beetroot||Brassicas (Broccoli,Sprouts,Ccabbage), Garlic, Lettuce, Onion||Runner Beans|
|Broccoli||Basil, Bush Beans, Chamomile, Cucumber, Dill, Garlic, Lettuce, Marigold, Mint, Onion, Potato, Radish, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme, Tomato||Grapes, Mustard, Oregano, Strawberry, Tomato|
|Cabbage||Beets, Dwarf French Beans, Mint, Onion||Climbing Beans|
|Carrots||French Beans, Garlic, Lettuce, Onion, Peas, Rosemary, Tomatoes||Parsnip|
|Cauliflower||Beets, Dwarf French Beans, Mint, Onion||Strawberries|
|Corn||Beans, Cucumbers, Parsnip, Peas, Potatoes, Pumpkin, Squash,||Tomato|
|Cucumber||Beans, Corn, Lettuce, Peas, Radish||Potatoes, Strong smelling herbs, Tomatoes|
|Leeks||Carrots, Celery, Lettuce, Onions||Beans, Peas|
|Lettuce||Beans, Beets, Carrots, Corn, Marigold, Onions, Peas, Radish, Strawberries||Parsley|
|Onions||Beets, Cabbabe, Carrots, Lettuce, Marjoram, Rosemary, Savory, Strawberry, Tomato||Beans, Peas|
|Parsley||Asparagus, Beans, Radish, Rosemary, Tomato||Lettuce|
|Peas||Beans, Cabbage, Carrots, Celery, Corn, Cucumber, Lettuce, Marjoram, Parsnip, Potato, Sage||Alliums (Chives, Garlic, Onion, Shallots)|
|Potatoes||Beans, Cabbage, Corn, Eggplant, Horseradish, Marjoram, Parsnip||Celery, Cucumber, Pumpkin, Rosemary, Strawberries, Tomato|
|Pumpkins||Beans, Corn, Radish||Potato|
|Spinach||Beans, Lettuce, Peas, Strawberries|
|Strawberries||Borage, Bush Beans, Caraway||Broccoli, Cabbages|
|Tomatoes||Alliums, Asparagus, Basil, Borage, Broccoli, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery, Marigold, Peppers||Brassicas, Beets, Corn, Dill, Fennel, Peas, Potatoes, Rosemary|
So I hope this gives you a rough guide to the concept of Interplanting.
Let me know how you get on the comments below or send some inspiration to @homegrownwxm